Eszterházy Károly College Faculty of Natural Sciences
Labour force is one of the key conditions of producer coefficients, which involves each human ability what is utilizable in manufacturing and processing proceedings. Certain economists merely means - the ability of doing manual work that is attained without qualification- by manpower, and they handle the remaining part separately, as an independent category, known as intellectual stock. Manpower is a special producer coefficient since it can not be divided from the occupant men, more it is needed in any production proceedings and without manpower other producer factors are not able to manufacture anything.
Quantitative and qualitative characteristics of the labour force of rural territories are results of very complex proceeding. If we proceed from the regulate situation of regions, those have been given the „rural„ mark, unemployment is significant, not a little insenescence and migration, shrinkable supply and demand what is a spill-over effect of the diminishing number of inhabitants, moreover as a result of the local ventures those produce low added-value, less and less local taxes come in. From little money, little money could be spent on infrastructure development; it is difficult to put up money source for deductible of part-financed projects, if there is anybody at all, for who we could improve, at least to preserve consistency.
Solving of the provision of the locally stayed eldering populace and enticing back the youngsters to the sender regions are increasingly cardinal issues. On the basis of Figure 1 we may observe that in the event of Germany in the period after the reunion rather the environs of the towns, suburban regions populace have increased, while nowadays metropolis regions unambiguously take along migration profit, while the young population of rural regions involving the territory of the former NDK, are making a rapid decline. In the most crucial areas the measure of migration may reach, moreover may exceed the 50 thousandth per year. For this reason the region have lost 5 percentage of its young population- that gives the basis of economy, each year. New supply from young talents of course has been decreasing parallel to population decrease. Today for a German youngster, with regard to both their private life opportunities and means of subsistence exclusively town regions and their direct agglomeration offer suitable ‘life-space’ for them.