Eszterházy Károly College Faculty of Natural Sciences
The practical realization of the identification, measuring and acknowledgement of informal learning presupposes that we possess an exact definition concerning those skills and competences which could be acquired by learning and are regarded to concupiscible and acquirable as a result of individual learning. Five components of competences have been appointed:
Knowledge: information that a person possesses.
Facilities, proficiency (skills), which give the ability of fulfilment of definite physical and mental tasks
Self assessment, social roles which converges along the line of personal values, ergo such attitudes, values, which are adjudged to imperious by the person to own or buy them. e.g. success, career
Character traits, namely psychical and physical characteristics and replies to situations and information.
Motivations control, influence and select the behaviour towards certain manners and aims.
The notion of culture is one of the central category of philosophy, cultural history, and in general of human thinking consequently it has a vast range of approaches, interpretations. The concept of culture has continuously changed in the history of human thinking. Different philosophical tendencies, reasoners of variant areas meant divergent things by the notion of culture, moreover, actually nowadays still disharmonious conceptions are living next to each other. It may be accepted without reservation that culture is never a static phenomena: in the percentage of human history culture was featured by constant interchange, all the maturity of a particular society its relation to thingness and the constant variation of all of those factors have necessarily influenced the all-time culture of humankind.
material culture: Material culture involves man-made environment, built heritage, the settlements themselves and their culture, as well as the ordinary articles of personal use.(LEMONNIER 1984) It is momentous to emphasize regional material culture which involves the operational methods of certain economic factors.
spiritual culture: science, art, religion, law and order e.t.c. belong here.
values, traditions: values and historical traditions transmitted by culture.
education: In this case, human source that have come into existence thanks to education is a very significant measure of the adoptive ability of local society