Eszterházy Károly College Faculty of Natural Sciences
The distance from economic growth poles have four influencing factors
The distance from the action centers of world economy: The European Union's rural development objectives targeted the catching up regions which are remoted from advanced Metropols, often sparsely populated or have high rates of migration and aging index. Of course, regarding the mosaic structure of Europe, there will always be regions that are not going to join the developed economies in the foreseeable future, however with the development of telecommunications and transportation all peripherals can be integrated to the core in a certain extent. In parallel with the pace of technological development the EU is committed to the retention of these peripherals and prepare them for integration to the core region.
The distance from the national economic centers: on the current level of development, the peripherals of the national economy is a major challenge for the regional development policy. Since the joining of Hungary there has not been major changes between the difference of the various regions economic development, even though thousands of billions spent on development. This was just enough to reduce the rate of definitive breakaway. The country needs a major policy turnaround, as well as all the crisis regions of the EU to set a genuine and stable development track for these regions without the core regions draining the additional resources from the peripheral regions in addition to catch up. The unilateral solidarity of the development policy can not be an endless process which is a new challenge in the 2014-2020's period. Begin to move away from the political persuasion that necessarily weaken the strong benefit of equitable development. If you weaken the center, the periphery is getting weakened as well.
The distance from the large regional centers within the country:the dogmas of economics include the ceter, as the emphatic of the accession to the economic motor and the importance of dependency formed by it self. Economic development is not always coming from the larger and economically stronger regions but at regional level, periphery received significant impulses from the contiguous groups of settlements of the central settlements, it’s primary task is the promotion of rural development policy.
The distance from it’s own region center: this condition is only affect the sparsely populated, regions with low-density settlement network. In general, Hungary's centers of rural areas is ideally located, is another matter, especially to serve as an administrative center, and their economies are not based on the resources of the own region. In the transition phase of the structure it is a general phenomenon and the 9 year old community connections too short period of time for to notice the signs of development of the small regions. The harmful effects of regional planning containing documents, strongly affect the small areas. Mid-term (intermediate) analysis have not been made about the micro-region’s impact of development strategies nor about the correction needs. The backstage creating of the areal district, feared that there will be even less accountable planned results of sub regional strategies.