Eszterházy Károly College Faculty of Natural Sciences
In Hungary, the territory developmental policy, as a governmental function that requires compound approach belonged to the insignificant, (or less preferred) state tasks before 1990 (the Change of the Regime)
Designing and direction of the economy were built upon branch principles.
Resources were divided to branches, the system of financial regulation were configured according to branches, significant decisions were made by departmental considerations.
Dichotomy between Budapest and the country became more and more rugged and pronounced after the Change of the Regime. Divergent social-economic maturity resulted in territorial differentiation.
The conservation and twisting of all of these proceedings could be observed, thus the design of the territorial dimension of economy expansion, the disquisition of human resource as well as the rational strategy creation considering natural assets became indispensable in these days.
Top-level administration of domain development and terrain planning are the charge and authority of the Parliament.
The Parliament determines the conception of national domain development, the terrain development policy, the guidelines and objectives, or rather the institutional system promoting implementing.
The Parliament decides the measurement of the state resources of terrain development, so thus in the course of the adoption of the budget law it makes a decision about liquid assets which directly or indirectly serves domain development. Since we joined the European Union the seven year long designing period slightly subordinated the priorities and opportunities of the government in power, inasmuch developments must pursue the strategic and financial guideline of the European Union. The Common Market decently diminution the opportunity of state subventions in many respect.
The National Development Plan (2004-2006) is among the most significant national regional plans, which strictly pursued the directives of AGENDA 2000.
The National Development Agency laid down three specific objectives, among which the more effective application of human resources was given a key role. This presupposes the human stock of better quality and the re-exploitation of the talent and knowledge of those people who were splitted from employment.
The enlargement of employment and the development of human resources as a determination of the second priority reflected the formulated objective. Projects were materialized in the framework of the Operative Program diligence to the priorities.
The Human Resource Development Operative Programme regarded the development of human recourse as an objective and a tool simultaneously. It is an objective since it served the improvement of life and environmental circumstances, but is a tool at the same time, since it materializes through the knowledge and pursuit of people. Among Structural Funds primarily the European Social Fund (ESZA) subsidized the objectives of human resource development. The objective of the Human Resource Development Operative Programme (HEFOp) were the hereinafter mentioned factors
raising the level of employment
improving the competitiveness of labour force by providing qualification sufficient for the claims of the labour force market
promoting social conformity
The National Development Plan II. is valid for the period from 2007 to 2013 : Since 2010 the “New Hungary Development Plan” is the Széchenyi Plan. In order to reach the objectives formulated in this plan, developmental endeavours focus on six fields. These objectives that came into existence on the basis of these thematic and territorial distributions, similarly to the First National Development Plan materialized in the context of comprehensive operative programmes. It could be stated that in the program period between 2007 and 2013 developments towards the essential significance of local resources come to the front.
The Environment and Energy Operative Programme (KEOP) concentrates on the more economic and more effective utilization of the natural resources what promotes improvement towards sustainable development, and improves the competitiveness of the country.
Supporting the funds for the legitimate and efficient execution of The New Hungary Development Plan (UMFT) means a remarkable challenge for this program period. The programs could be executed efficiently in time if the necessary organisational, technical and human resources are at our disposal.
The objective of the Execution Operative Programme (VOP) is to provide the supplementary and co- financing of these resources.
The Social Reformation Operative Programme (TÁMOP) contributes to the enlargement and permanent advancement of employment principally through measures toward the supply side of the labour force market and through the development of human resources.
The national level plan documents constitute the pillars of the planning process of the national economy branches, fundamentally influencing the economic status of the given country, its developmental trend, and its role in the economic sphere. Several co-operational and connection points could be perceived, and the collective monitoring of those points could define the potential for the spatial economic development of the county. For instance natural, economic, social coefficients.
In the aspect of the territorial relationship framework of agriculture the agrarian-nature of Hungary has to be accentuated by all means.
The performance and result of agriculture decisively depends on the position and quality of the natural resources. While the industry –like intensive crop-production that operates with increasing expenditures and thriving energy ingestion resulted in a significant increase in production, during this the transformation of the environment started off deteriorative tendencies.
When studying the topic of environment protection two important statements are relevant.
Initially the run out of the mining resources and the superfluous utilization of the resources connecting agriculture (such as soil erosion secondary salinization, subsoil water contamination) were emphasized among the problems.
The major declared objectives of the National Environment Protection Programme in the economy of natural resources- considering the principles of sustainable development- are the provident economy of the natural resources, the value protection economy, and provisioning of these resource for the next generations.
The territorial political objective of the water management is to expand the utilization of waters – such as any other resources in larger regions of the country-, consequently do not to concentrate only some accentuated regions. This long-range prospective strategy considers the anticipatory conformation of precipitation and climate.
Power makes an appearance likewise in the issue of energy economy, as a producing factor and resource, which permits or excludes the configuration and development of the energy demanding establishment. The energy supply of the population particularly considering the expansion of the electricity supply nowadays in Hungary the quantitative accessibility to electricity doesn’t mean a life circumstance influencing coefficient, but this eligibility among different energy sources comes out this way, and by this the diversity of expenditures.
In the case of the installation of industrial establishments energy (similarly to other resources) it is a serious calculation thesis. However our renewal energy strategy prescribes 14,65 per cent renewal symmetry up to the year of 2020, however the current regulation environment and the framework strategy are unsuitable for starts off significant energy industrial investments in the rural regions of our home., however it is an inevitable factor in promoting our joining to the European Core Area and to boost the progress in rural economy.