Eszterházy Károly College Faculty of Natural Sciences
“Unique values follow from territoriality ergo those that define the fundamental principle for the strategic development and designing of tpostmodern regional policy , and their appropriate recognition, and inner (endogenous) and outer (exogenous) development could lead to success, to the initiation of the nouveau field of force of the territorial economic capacity and operation. The postmodern territorial policy is able to get to the excavation of those values by supply- and demand- oriented strategies.” (TÓTH-KÁPOSZTA 2010/117)
The supply – oriented regional strategy – in the reformation of the local-territorial economy- not only recline upon exogenous sources, but take into account the inner endowments likewise.
One of the most important elements of demand-oriented developmental strategy is the creation of territorial-local networks. Since the enhancement of the competition could resulted in the depletion of resources, and the persona of the competition could exclusively escalate achievements at each other’s expense. They could only be under competitive pressure if their objective is not the defeat the opponent but to search the recent ground for collaboration, cooperation, whereby the circle of resources is extensible. The strategy itself concentrates on better and better resource utilization, and is attentive to market challenges.
The circle of economic functions could be distinguished according to region types. Output specialization has priority among the theoretical criteria of the complex economic region. The natural, economic, social facilities of the regions located in the territory of the country are different from each other, the quantity, assortment and relationship of the resources to each other are divergent in disparate regions.
In such complex economic regions those economic branches that represent specialization give and constitute the bigger part of agricultural production and compose the schemata of its economic structure. These branches and the activities means the background for their operation collectively establish the territorial output complex which is the determinative factor for the perspective development of the region.
The principle of complexity involves the optimal combination and the efficient utilization of resources.
In the New Hungary Developmental Plan correspondingly to the National Developmental Plan the developmental plan of the NUTS 2 regions were given a green light.
Every region draw up its regional operative programme alongside the programming correspondent to its own capabilities. Seven divergent operative programmes have been made accordingly. In the structure of operative programmes designing mechanisms and development toward local potential were given an important role.
The North- Hungarian Operative Programme (ÉMOP) formulated the hereunder specific objectives in the aspect of local resources to the period from 2007 to 2013:
Improve the competitiveness of the economy which utilizes local resources and cooperation;
Advance the income producing ability of tourism; boost social cohesion and form attractive economic,- residential area.
The reinforcement of the tourism potential wants to be achieved by providing products and services those are based on natural and cultural values, or rather by the quality enrichment of the organization of tourism products, by developing networking cooperation the program contributes to the rectification of the competitiveness of the ventures as well as to the creation of new jobs together with the sustainable exploitation of the resources.
Creation of an economy that is built upon local innovative resources and company networking was first and foremost determined among the specific objective of the West- Transdanubian Operative Program (NYDOP) .