Eszterházy Károly College Faculty of Natural Sciences
The New Hungary Rural Development Programme (RDP) is a National Rural Development Programme for the 2007-2013 period, which is created by European Agricultural Rural Development fund, base on rural development on 15’th Council Regulation 1698/2005/EC § (1), including the EAFRD IV. forming the axis of the LEADER as well.
The LEADER programme as a successful rural development methodology, aiming sustainable and innovative use of internal resources of the region, establish a co-operation between active rural participants, prepare and implement the sustainable local development strategies. The essential feature is that they rely on the exploration of local resources, and complex evaluation of the potentials.
The seven pillars of LEADER is effective in improving the exploration and use of resources of a given region and of course all of this sustainability in mind. The implementation of the development programs are guaranteed by the tripartite partnership, entrepreneurial, civic and public relations. The institutionalized level of partnership are the local action groups (LAGs/LAG). The LAG’s role is to coordinate and implement local development plans which are created by partnerships, make decisions about the allocation and use of resources.
The exploit of the region’s internal resource, and its capacity, is an important characteristic of the LEADER principles, the primary principle is the territorial approach, which allows those players to work together, who share their home feel to the area, and this is the motivation to effectively mobilize and sells to local initiatives and resources (local identity, making the region).
The Local Rural Development Strategy was preparing to fit the priorities set by the European Union, or the first three EAFRD (European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development) pillars of development policy.
Innovation such as another important principle of LEADER, regional resources, innovative approaches to be considered as a determining factor, although the interpretation in this context is not always clear, therefore the significance of the 2014-2020’s support period will be negligible in many cases, that innovation will be defined in regional context and not technically or at process level, alone does not always indicate a "revolutionary" solution to the problems of rural.
Potential areas for innovation in rural development appear in many more ways. The ability of innovation has fundamental role in, indentifying the untapped resources. The innovative nature of rural development activities is always the feature of the local geographical, economic, social, cultural and other factors. Commitment to the realization of innovation, requires a high degree of courage, creativity, lots of deliberation, the area's resources overview of the new, innovative ideas and innovators recognition (identification).
The relation of learning and innovation, striking characteristics able to achieve both. This means that the innovation efforts from the beginning assume a change in mentality. So the „value of resources” can be enhanced, rather than „over use” it without analyzing the renewability. This attitude and behaviour is an advantage to overcome the difficulties, a lack of resources and the relief of local economies paralyzed by institutional support. The partnerships and innovative approaches primarily have real significance at formulating local value chains, since with the help of local products and the development of their related services, energy systems modernization, creating a culture of regional cooperation, the action group of stakeholders should create the basics of a strong economy.
Non-negligible efforts of LEADER initiatives, encouraging the use of rural cultural resources with adding value to it. It is a kind of national program which assumes the collaboration of the whole society, and the cooperation of each sectors, in order to expand the possibility of rural population, and rural development. The method is based on, to see the key to success in human resource development, nurturing of community values and improving equality for layers and disadvantaged areas(co-operation in the cultural sector).
The principles of cultural rural development program, is corresponding individual development levels (local, sub-regional, provincial, regional and national), by coordinating the objectives of completed economic, environmental etc.. development plans, to facilitate the implementation of it, in the interest of coordinated development they create cultural, human resource development strategies, to implement common thinking based programs which may be a component of long-term rural development opportunities. Public domain program includes the details of cultural rural development program. The primary aim of the program is to stop the deterioration of the institutional system. It sees the solution in the cover of the institution system which is connected to residence, residential districts.