Eszterházy Károly College Faculty of Natural Sciences
In Burgenland, in the regions of Güssing, Hartberg or Steiermark, sustainable power supply is the direct tool of economy development. An innovation and technological centre was created on a basis of this in Güssing, where ¬ from the joint subsidize source of the Austrian state and the European Union ¬ incomparable researches are carried out in the issues of renewal energies, furthermore they bring new researches’ results into “ready-to-market” condition. We will mentioned that just as a perquisite remark, that a novel hotel together with professional guides had to be deployed in order to demonstrate the current supply of the city with renewal energy source or to exemplify the outcomes of the special researches, since about 40 000 visitors arrive annually to the region
No sooner than bio energy production has get off the ground, than warning noises could be heard. Gossips are about corn deserts, monocultures, or about gene-modified super – plants. At the same time humanity is afraid of the shrinkage of the arable lands. This sort of worries by all means has to be taken seriously. The opportunities of the bio potential - which may be manufactured for energetic purposes in an environmental-friendly way- have been scrutinized within the framework of an overall study by the European Environment Agency, with the object that the food industrial and feeding size of Europe have not been changed significantly.
Another cardinal point is the diminution of environment protection with the utilization of agricultural areas, in the context of which the outcome of the scrutiny has become the following: In 2010 in EU 25 –s broadly 13 million acres of arable land available for energy plant production what correspond to the 8 percentages of the cultivated arable land. This proportion could be increased by 19, 3 million acres, or rather to the 12 percentages of cultivated territories up to 2030. Herewith in 2030 a 142 million tons fuel oils – equivalent and 1442 (TWH) current could be given free run.
In EU 25-s in 2030, by involving biomass deriving from wastes and forestry a double energy amount, namely 295 million tonnes fuel oils-equivalent eco-friendly biomass could be produced, ( 3431 TWh). This correspond to the 15-16 percentages of the predicated energy demand in EU 25-s and roughly speaking it would contribute to the diminution of roughly 400-600 million carbon-dioxide amount. Through this it would provide the subsistence of thereabouts 500-600 thousands workplaces or would create new job opportunities. for the most part in rural areas.