Renáta Németh, Dávid Simon
How do you interpret the diagram? (National Health Survey 2003, Hungarian counties
Ecological fallacy: false inference about characteristics of individuals based solely on aggregate statistics about the groups to which those individuals belong.
(But the following interpretation is valid: „lower level of social participation may contribute to lower level of social cohesion that can influence health status through a psychosocial pathway”).
A similar example about bowling league membership and mortality in the states of the USA in: I. Kawachi (1997): Long Live Community: Social Capital As Public Health, The American Prospect, 8/35
Another example (Thorndike, 1939): The fact that crime is more prevalent in poor areas does not imply that poor people themselves commit these crimes.