Renáta Németh, Dávid Simon
Example: Consider the following chart that displays the net income of a company between 2000 and 2004. The picture suggests a balanced growth, while the numbers behind (and the second, more accurate graph) shows a great fall in the last year. Additionally, the company had a net loss in 2000.
How was the first chart manipulated?
The presentation angle and the multiple colors divert attention from the fall.
The chart masks the loss by using a Y-range with a large negative starting point.