Ugrás a tartalomhoz

SOCIAL STATISTICS

Renáta Németh, Dávid Simon

ELTE

’Quality of Life’ approach

’Quality of Life’ approach

Basic questions

  • Do objective circumstances give a reliable picture of social and individual welfare?

  • Should we analyse how these are individually perceived?

  • Through what mechanisms are the two connected?

Objective and subjective evaluation

People tend to perceive their status differently from the way it is described by objective indicators for various reasons: early experience and present-day context accounts for great individual differences in perception.

The relationship of objective and subjective welfare

Objective welfare

Subjective welfare

Good

Good

Poor

Wellbeing

Dissonance

Poor

Adaptation

Deprivation

Heinz et al. (in: Lengyel György)

Adaptation can be the result of numerous factors including the similarly bad situation of the individual’s social environment, or the individual’s low expectations.

Dissonance, in turn, can be brought about by the rapidly improving circumstances of those around the individual.

Measuring the Quality of Life

Measuring the quality of life is problematic because of the subjective factors. Therefore, these indicators comprise some of the subjective indices apart from objective ones.

E.g.:

  • Subjective health status: How healthy do you feel (1-5)

  • Subjective financial status: place yourself on a scale where 1 stands for ’very poor’ and 10 stands for ’very rich’