Ugrás a tartalomhoz

Európa társadalomtörténete a 20. században

Tomka Béla (2009)

Osiris Kiadó

7. Gazdaság és munka

7. Gazdaság és munka

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  2. Peter Havlik: East-West GDP Comparisons: Problems, Methods and Results. Forschungs- berichte. No. 174. Wien: Wiener Institut für Internationale Wirtschaftsvergleiche, 1991. 2-4.

  3. Frederick L. Pryor: A Guidebook to the Comparative Study of Economic Systems. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1985. 74-79. Paul Marer et al.: Historically Planned Economies: A Guide to the Data. Washington, DC: World Bank, 1992. 66-68.

  4. Havlik: East-West GDP Comparisons. 3.

  5. Így például 1989-ben a GDP szintje a nemzeti jövedelem (NMP) szintjét az NDK-ban 35,7%-kal, míg Magyarországon 21%-kal, Csehszlovákiában pedig 22%-kal haladta meg. Havlik: East-West GDP Comparisons. 3.

  6. Marer et. al.: Historically Planned Economies. 11-18.

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  12. Lásd pl. a tanulmányokat a következő kötetekben: Nicholas Crafts – Gianni Toniolo (eds.): Economic Growth in Europe since 1945. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,

  1. van Ark – Crafts (eds.): Quantitative aspects of post-war European economic growth. 1-431.

  1. Herman van der Wee: The twentieth century: an economic perspective. European Re- view, vol. 8 (2000) no. 1. 21.

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  24. Maddison: Dynamic Forces in Capitalist Development. 75.

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  8. A szakirodalom megkülönbözteti az ún. béta-konvergenciát és a szigma-konvergenci- át. A béta-konvergencia esetében arról van szó, hogy a kevésbé fejlett országok a többinél gyorsabban fejlődnek, s így kezdenek felzárkózni. Szigma-konvergenciáról pedig akkor beszélünk, ha egy országcsoporton belül csökken a fejlettségi szintek (GDP/fő) relatív szórása.

  9. Economic Commission for Europe: Economic Survey of Europe. 2000. 169.

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  21. Peter N. Stearns: Lives of Labour: Work in a Maturing Industrial Society. London: Croom Helm, 1975. 19-117.

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  30. Jelle Visser: Trade unions from a comparative perspective. In Joris Van Ruysseveldt – Rien Huiskamp – Jacques von Hoof (eds.): Comparative Industrial and Employment Re- lations. London: Sage, 1995. 55.

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  33. Bernhard Ebbinghaus – Jelle Visser: Der Wandel der Arbeitsbeziehungen im westeuro- paischen Vergleich. In Stefan Hradil – Stefan Immerfall (Hrsg.): Die westeuropaischen Gesellschaften im Vergleich. Opladen: Leske und Budrich, 1997. 336-338. Colin Crouch: Industrial Relations and European State Traditions. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993.

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